The Effect of BIM on a Project's Lifecycle
July 12, 2012
•IADT Sacramento, IADT General, Building Information Modeling
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Building information modeling (BIM) is used in the design, construction, and operations of a building project. With today’s software, BIM can be used to determine scope, measurements, components, and dimensions of a project. BIM is also be used to keep track of costs. It is also used to follow all systems of a building, such as plumbing and electricity, in not only the construction stages, but also in maintenance of those systems after completion of the project.
BIM pulls all aspects of a building project into one package. People from each stage can use the data from a particular project to refer to if a problem arises. This prevents cost overrun. For example, in maintenance, BIM can show plumbers and electricians where pipes and wires are located to avoid unnecessary damage to walls, floors or ceilings.
Before the beginning of BIM in 1987, a building project was drawn out by draftsmen as blueprints. The project would often include electrical schematics. If changes to a blueprint or a schematic were complicated, it could hold up a project indefinitely until changes could be incorporated. In addition, if a problem was found after part of the project had already been completed, the correction could be costly. With today’s BIM software, however, a building project can be drawn in 3D by computers, and any problems in the design are detected immediately. The software can also list the materials required for the job and figure costs.
BIM is an invaluable tool in a project’s lifecycle. From conception to maintenance, changes can be made with less difficulty. Costs are controlled and all stages of a project are easily accessed.